Staghorn ferns are a type of epiphytic fern that grow naturally in tropical rainforests and other humid environments. They are named for their unique fronds, which resemble the antlers of a stag. The fronds are divided into two types: shield fronds that anchor the plant to a surface and hold moisture, and antler fronds that extend out and upwards. The plant typically grows on trees or other surfaces and obtains nutrients from the surrounding air and rainwater. Staghorn ferns can grow to be quite large, with some specimens reaching over 3 feet in width. They are popular as houseplants due to their unusual appearance, and can be mounted on plaques or grown in hanging baskets. They prefer bright, indirect light and humid conditions, and are often propagated by dividing the plant.